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※今年好像出外玩樂玩得有點過頭了……!

目前分類:重返學園 (14)

瀏覽方式: 標題列表 簡短摘要

黃春明,台灣著名的鄉土文學作家,透過小說,將底層人物的悲哀與喜樂、既卑微又尊嚴的人生百態,活靈活現地描寫出來。在他眾多的作品中,《兒子的大玩偶》是獲最多評論的作品。

《兒子的大玩偶》講述鄉鎮失業青年--坤樹,為了養家活口,裝扮成小丑,身前身後掛上廣告牌,以三明治人的扮相充當活廣告,每日在烈日下遊走於大街小巷,賺取微薄的薪水。可是,長期的早出晚歸,以致孩子只見過小丑扮相的爸爸,卻很少看到卸妝後的樣子。故事最後,年幼的兒子只認得爸爸三明治人的扮相,卻不認得卸妝後的爸爸。

活廣告是一份寂寞的工作,從早到晚,在小鎮上的大街小巷遊走,坤樹很少與別人有交流,想,是他唯一打發時間的辦法。因此,《兒子的大玩偶》用了敘述方式,大量描寫主人翁的內心獨白, 讀者彷彿跟著主人翁遊走於大街小巷,看盡了人生百態,體會到主人翁如何在艱苦的日子中掙扎求存。作者同時透過坤樹的回憶,讓讀者了解他的過去和家庭背景。

作者不單細緻描述主人翁坤樹的內心思維,故事中段,坤樹與妻子阿珠吵架後的次日,作者巧妙地分別描寫了夫婦倆的內心思想, 「坤樹一路想著昨晚的事情,不覺中已經到了家門口,一股悸動把他引回到現實。」(黃春明,5) 「看到坤樹轉向往家裡走的路,她高興得有點緊張......阿珠看到他走進屋子裡的時候,流出了更多眼淚 。」(7) 同一時段,分兩部份描寫,先寫坤樹,再寫他妻子,讓讀者彷彿遊走於兩人的內心世界,真切地體會到夫妻倆吵架後的擔心與關愛。

黃春明筆下的鄉土小人物,對鄉土以及倫常親情具有的責任感, 讓他們於貧窮的困境也有勇氣掙扎求存。也就是這份責任感,自然散發出人性的尊嚴,讓主人翁在讀者心中,贏得尊敬 蔡依恬、劉冠吟)。活廣告是一份非常辛苦的工作,坤樹從開始幹這活那天,就後悔急著想找另一份工作。但每每想到就是因為有這份工作,得以保住孩子,才有現在的小龍,坤樹覺得再苦再累都可以撐下去。妻子阿珠也是,每天替人家洗衣服,賺取微薄的薪水。當她知道因為丈夫找到工作,不用將孩子打掉,她不禁喜極而泣。

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這個學期修了一科考古學,主要學習新約聖經裡提到的地方,還有希臘文化等等。挺有意思的課,讓我從中對聖經歷史多了認識。

這學期最後一堂課,教授邀請我們到他家party。大家都興致勃勃,一位在考古學頗富權威的教授,他的究竟是怎樣子?想必同學們都懷著一顆好奇的心,想一探究竟。

終於到了這天,雖然之前還為考試擔憂(喔,對了,不只是派對,還有期末考),但我還是懷著興奮的興起出發到教授家。

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  • Apr 17 Sun 2011 08:36
  • 律詩

律詩起源於六朝,盛行於唐朝。有五言、六言和七言,唯六言較少見。律詩的規格非常嚴謹,在句數、字數、押韻、平仄、對仗各方面都有嚴格規定。

 

◎ 律詩的結構


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絕句


絕句又稱截句、斷句或絕詩。曾有古人說絕句是「截律詩之半」,但這論點受到許多詩論家的質疑。因為事實上,絕句的出現比律詩早。


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Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom, China in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2010)

            Thirty years ago, the People's Republic of China (PRC) rarely made it into the Western newspaper headlines. Only when something very extraordinary happened, such as when President Richard Nixon made his historic trip to Beijing, the capitol of China in 1972, will a newspaper reserve space to report news about China. Thirty years have passed, and it doesn't take much effort to discover information about China in the newspaper, because news about China is reported routinely in Western newspapers, and not just on one section, but in every section, including sports, economic, science, etc.  China has grown rapidly in the past thirty years, from a land of villages to a country with more millionaires, more cities with populations exceeding one million, more internet users and more skyscrapers than any other country. Given all of this, Jeffrey Wasserstorm believes it is essential for everyone to learn about China. China in the 21st Century, written in a question and answer format, provides general information that the author believes is what everyone needs to know. However, this book will not suit the needs of readers who want to learn more about China's history and culture in depth.

            The structure of the book contains two parts. The first part focuses on the past, while the second part focuses on the present and the future of China. Wasserstorm starts the book with an historical overview. To avoid confusing readers with the many dynasties of China's long history, Wasserstorm has selectively chosen his materials. He emphasizes the early Chinese schools of thought with a main focus on Confucianism, the political structures and major political ideas. The first part of the book ends with a look at the events and people which lead to the New China. In the second half of the book, Wasserstorm focuses on the present and the future of China. He starts with a look at some of the most significant people, policies, and events from 1978 to present. Then he moves on to discuss some misunderstandings between US and China. The book ends with some forecasts about China's future and its role in the world.

            Despite a strong authorial point of view, Wasserstorm has tried to maintain a balance by including views from different perspectives. In the chapter "Revolutions and Revolutionaries", Wasserstorm focuses on Mao, the most important leader of modern China.  Wasserstorm first mentions the view from an English-language biography--Mao: The Unknown Story.  This book written by Jung Chang and Jon Halliday, mostly provides a negative view of Mao by portraying him as a heartless monster.  Wasserstorm then explores other alternative ways to view Mao.  One is by comparing Mao with Andrew Jackson, both are far from perfect, but who nevertheless played a significant role in the development of a mass political movement.  Also, Wasserstorm talks about the views of the ordinary Chinese. Many of them view Mao as someone who no doubt had his dark side, but also had played a significant role in developing the New China and made great contribution.

            China in the 21st Centurymight be too light for an expert in Chinese history and culture, but the ordinary American and even Chinese will find the contents helpful. China has 5,000 years of history and also has experienced rapid growth in recent decades, which makes it impossible to include everything in a 150-page book. Wasserstorm selects what he believes is essential for most his readers. China in the 21st Century serves very well as a "Chinese 101" tool, giving readers an accurate, broad overview of China's history and the major factors which influence life in modern China.  However, by necessity, there is little depth, so when readers find a topic interesting, they will need to search for other books for more detail.

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遞 交了畢業申請表代表我的研究所學生生涯已進入倒數階段,畢業後,何去何從,是近來常被問起的問題。跟同學們聊天時,大家也紛紛議論,尤其幾位要好的同學都是差不多時間畢業。

其中一個熱門話題是:誰會更上一層,報考博士班?剛開始念研究所時,我也心思思計畫將來報考博士班。這次重返校園讀書,驚訝地發現,原來自己挺喜歡讀書的,增長知識是我的興趣之一,所以理所當然地會想到研究所畢業後,繼續讀下去。可是,經過一年多的了解,仔細思考,我發現我還是放棄這個想法好了,為什麼呢?就看看以下五個我不會上博士班的理由吧! 

不夠專一

博士班不是易事,需要絕對的集中精神和心思,全心全意投入其中。環看學校的教授們如此厲害,對所教授的學術領域如此精通,特別是我們的美國人系主任,他對中國文學的了解,真是讓我們這些華人學生汗顏,之所以有此成就,是因為他們的專心,彷彿一輩子只為了做好這一件事。

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(上圖:人文大樓--我研究所生涯大部份時間都是在這裡) 

昨天回學校遞交畢業申請表,職員溫馨地送上一句 "congraduation",感覺時間過得好快喔!好像不久前才為申請研究所忙碌奔波;第一次收到拒絕信,傷心不已,但不輕言放棄、誓死要念的決心,終於讓我成功進入。 

一把年紀,重返校園念書,發現自己比預期中用功, 過去一年多,雖然偶爾還會懶根發作,但不敢像大學時期那麼放肆,或許因為研究所的功課確實難,不能鬆懈。另外,我是比平常人更艱辛才得以進入,怎能隨便念。

回想研究所的日子,很開心認識了好多中文系的同學,一起上課、一起聊天、一起復習,當然偶爾也會一起埋怨教授給的功課和考試那麼難。每每上課小息時,大家嘰嘰喳喳地交談,真是難忘的時光!有他們的陪伴,為我的研究所生活增添了許多色彩! 

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學生們的小天地--中文閱讀室


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我的惡夢-- IPA (國際音標)


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上課的第一天


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今天.明天


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學習伙伴

Shinzi Katoh website: shinzikatoh.com


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新生歡迎會


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要努力囉!


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